History Revealed

The legend of St. George

Apr 16th, 2014 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The legend of St. George

The legend of St. George, the holy knight who rescued the princess from the terrible dragon that threatened her, gave birth to a famous subject that was widespread within the figurative arts during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
The scene of the dragon slayer versus the mythical monster represents the Catholic belief in Christ’s triumph [...]



The reliefs of St Peter in Spoleto

Jan 25th, 2014 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The reliefs of St Peter in Spoleto

A walk through the Romanesque vestiges of Spoleto necessarily passes by the church of San Pietro. Nothing remains of the original building, built in the fifth century on the site of an ancient cemetery. The original church was actually demolished in the twelfth century to make way for a new church in the [...]



The holy days of Saturn

Dec 10th, 2013 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The holy days of Saturn

It seems that our custom to exchange gifts during Christmas comes from some ancient traditions practiced at the Saturnalia, one of the most popular holidays in the Roman calendar.
The Saturnalia festival, that in later centuries would change into the Brumalia festival (from bruma, winter solstice), represented an occasion for visiting friends and presenting gifts, [...]



Eastern cults in the Apennines

Oct 21st, 2013 | author Ambra Antonelli
Eastern cults in the Apennines

In  the region of Umbria it is already possible to pick out the name of the goddess Isis from ancient inscriptions, especially at Terni and at Spoleto. These cities are geographically projected towards the area of Latium, where the port of Ostia, and naturally Rome, would have constituted the principle landing and launching point [...]



The garden of love

Jul 21st, 2013 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The garden of love

My journey has brought from a castle far away to meet the man who I have sought so intently, the medical monk who resides in this abbey. He is my last hope. I have no other option than to try his potions in order to save my marriage.
Perhaps his concoctions will be able to heal [...]



The refused canonization of a Templar saint

May 8th, 2013 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The refused canonization of a Templar saint

It was on the 13th of October 1307 when the King of France, Filippo il Bello, ordered the arrest of the Templar Knights. The monks who belonged to the order were imprisoned and tortured, including the Great Master Jacques de Molay. Their property was confiscated, and all archives and documents were destroyed, making the task [...]



Iconography of a goddess

Jun 18th, 2011 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Iconography of a goddess

Isis, wife of Osiris and mother of Horus, is also commonly associated with another ancient Egyptian deity named Hathor. This name, which literally means “house of Horus”, represents a symbolic lap for her son, who is also the son of Osiris.
Following suit of her many forms, Hathor was the goddess of love as well as [...]



The Fountain of Women

Jun 18th, 2011 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The Fountain of Women

The reliefs and inscriptions that decorate the Main Fountain of Perugia catch the eye of every passer-by. In the past the reliefs of the fountain welcomed the visiting merchant for the fair, consoled the worried farmer during the harvest, lifted the spirit of those gathering in the Cathedral’s square, and made all quietly reflect, whether [...]



Isis, a mother goddess for all humanity

May 18th, 2011 | author Ambra Antonelli
Isis, a mother goddess for all humanity

Book XI of Apuleius’ Metamorphoses, or “The Golden Ass,” begins in the obscure silence of the night, with the moon rising from the sea in its unabashed fullness. Thus opens a fundamental chapter for the understanding of the cult of Isis.
“…video praemicantis lunae candore nimio completum orbem commodum marinis emergentem fluctibus. Nanctusque opacae noctis silentiosa [...]



Isis and “humanitas”

Dec 12th, 2008 | author Ambra Antonelli
Isis and “humanitas”

What Flaubert tried to express in his letters about the Metamorphoses by Apuleio reminds to a sense of vertigo, a physical feeling above all. The mixture of fabulous adventures of Lucio, the protagonist of the story, is not subjected to an immediate understanding, just like the experience when it is caught as it happens. The [...]