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Galactophorous saints and therapeutic waters

Nov 8th, 2018 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Galactophorous saints and therapeutic waters

February is the month of mother’s milk, that has always been associated with  the element water, the idea of fertility and the world of women. February is also a month of preparation, waiting for the renewal of the cosmos, which will only arrive with March and spring. Also for this reason, in ancient times, the [...]



Medieval parchments

Jun 15th, 2018 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Medieval parchments

Some scrolls found in the archives of the monasteries of Santa Giuliana (Saint Juliana) and San Domenico (Saint Dominic) in Perugia, indirectly provide some very useful information to help us understand the status of women in the late Middle Ages.
The documents found, in fact, seem to confirm that women held a relatively [...]



A mystery in the crypt

Jun 11th, 2018 | author Antonella Bazzoli
A mystery in the crypt

The church of St. Ponziano, built outside the medieval city walls of Spoleto and close to the paleochristian temple of St. Salvatore, is considered one of the most interesting examples of romanesque architecture in central Italy. It belonged to a benedictine abbey and was dedicated to the patron saint of Spoleto, martyred during the persecution [...]



Butchers, surgeons and charlatans

Jun 7th, 2018 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Butchers, surgeons and charlatans

Near the medieval castle of Preci (formerly Castrum Precum), in the pristine mountainous area of Umbria which is called Val Castoriana (the valley of Castor), lies the Abbey Sant’Eutizio, a medieval monastic benedectine complex which is among the most beautiful and evocative of Italy.
The story of the foundation of the building is to be found [...]



The symbolic language of the Main Fountain

Jun 1st, 2018 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The symbolic language of the Main Fountain

The Fontana Maggiore, also known as Main Fountain, is like a book of stone that unfolds while walking around it.
It’s like a great clock that transcends both cosmic and earthly timetables.
Completed in 1278, the monument became the fulcrum of the Guelph Commune of Perugia, and therefore the symbol of the Platea Magna (latin term for [...]



The Tree of Life is within us

Apr 25th, 2018 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The Tree of Life is within us

A few nights ago, as he ate a lemon slowly bite by bite, my son unintentionally swallowed a seed along with the fruit of the lemon, and then exclaimed soon thereafter:  “That’s okay, all it means is that I will grow the tree of life in my stomach!” (Va bene, vorrà dire che mi crescerà [...]



Greek inscriptions in the Temple

Apr 8th, 2018 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Greek inscriptions in the Temple

Very few people are aware of the mysterious Greek inscriptions that are found atop the columns, inside the Tempio Sant’Angelo in Perugia. These intriguing inscriptions are found inside of what is considered to be one of the finest early Christian churches in Italy.
The indipendent resercher Antonella Bazzoli is planning a series of articles in which [...]



Under the sign of Virgo

Apr 3rd, 2017 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Under the sign of Virgo

The medieval Woman, in her role as wife, is the protagonist of four different scenes out of the twelve months of the Main Fountain carved in 1278 by Giovanni and Nicola Pisano. There is no doubt of her identity as uxor (wife) because the Latin word is clearly written in letters above each of the [...]



April and Venus Verticordia

Apr 3rd, 2017 | author Antonella Bazzoli
April and Venus Verticordia

The female protagonist of the double scene of April, carved by Giovanni and Nicola Pisano in the lower basin of the Main Fountain of Perugia, holds a floral wreath and a bouquet of flowers in her hands.
There is no doubt of her identity as uxor (wife in Latin), as it’s clearly written in stone, in [...]



Journey of discovery in the “Bosco di San Francesco”

Apr 3rd, 2017 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Journey of discovery in the “Bosco di San Francesco”

This was the first time that I really took advantage of the opportunity of traveling to Italy, to find a deeper meaning behind the visit to one of the historical landmarks.
I have always felt awe at the living history in Italy. But, this time I approached the visit to new places [...]