History Revealed

Under the sign of Virgo

Apr 3rd, 2017 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Under the sign of Virgo

The medieval Woman, in her role as wife, is the protagonist of four different scenes out of the twelve months of the Main Fountain carved in 1278 by Giovanni and Nicola Pisano. There is no doubt of her identity as uxor (wife) because the Latin word is clearly written in letters above each of the [...]



April and Venus Verticordia

Apr 3rd, 2017 | author Antonella Bazzoli
April and Venus Verticordia

The female protagonist of the doble scene of April, carved by Giovanni and Nicola Pisano in the lower basin of the Main Fountain of Perugia, holds a floral wreath and a bouquet of flowers in her hands.
There is no doubt of her identity as uxor (wife in Latin), as it’s clearly written in stone, in [...]



A circular church from Byzantine Perugia

Sep 27th, 2016 | author Antonella Bazzoli
A circular church from Byzantine Perugia

Despite the lack of direct historical references about the history of Perugia in the early Christian age, we know that around the seventh century Perugia was part of the Byzantine state: a large Christian state that was based on the structure of the Exarchate, whose network of territories were defended by a specialized and multi-ethnic [...]



The Tree of Life is within us

Apr 25th, 2016 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The Tree of Life is within us

A few nights ago, as he ate a lemon slowly bite by bite, my son unintentionally swallowed a seed along with the fruit of the lemon, and then exclaimed soon thereafter:  “That’s okay, all it means is that I will grow the tree of life in my stomach!” (Va bene, vorrà dire che mi crescerà [...]



The Festival of the snake charmers

Apr 11th, 2016 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The Festival of the snake charmers

Not to be confused with the founder of the Dominican order by the same name, St. Dominic from Foligno was a saint of Umbrian origin, born in 951 at Capodacqua near Foligno.
His cult is still being celebrated today at Cocullo, in Abruzzo, during the “Festival of the snake charmers”, a folkloric and religious event of [...]



The mythical founders of Perugia

Feb 6th, 2016 | author Antonella Bazzoli
The mythical founders of Perugia

The grand Etruscan arch that opens Perugia’s ancient city walls at its northern end is a prime, and still intact, example of military architecture. Two massive towers on either side acted as protection for the city gate and form the bases of the great double arch, from the top of which, in case of [...]



Galactophorous saints and therapeutic waters

Jan 12th, 2016 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Galactophorous saints and therapeutic waters

February is the month of mother’s milk, that has always been associated with  the element water, the idea of fertility and the world of women. February is also a month of preparation, waiting for the renewal of the cosmos, which will only arrive with March and spring. Also for this reason, in ancient times, the [...]



Hairdressers and prostitutes in the Middle Ages

Jan 11th, 2016 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Hairdressers and prostitutes in the Middle Ages

The term lavatrice di capeta (hair washer)  referred to what we would now call a hairdresser for ladies and gentlemen in the Middle Ages.
It was a perfectly respectable profession that was nonetheless frowned upon by late medieval society.
Taking care of hairstyles for gentlemen was in fact considered so intimate and promiscuous as an activity, that [...]



Three concentric squares: from the Druids to the Knights Templar

Jan 11th, 2016 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Three concentric squares: from the Druids to the Knights Templar

Wandering among the medieval villages of Italy, on occasion I have happened to notice a strange symbol carved on a stone, formed by three concentric squares and what epigraphists, iconologists and scholars of esotericism know as a Magic Square or Three Concentric Squares.
The three concentric squares, in fact, appear to represent three squares inside one [...]



Bevignate and the mistery of the Templar Code

May 8th, 2015 | author Antonella Bazzoli
Bevignate and the mistery of the Templar Code

Who was Bevignate, the mysterious hermit venerated like a saint by the population of Perugia, notwithstanding the Church had never approved his canonization?
An aura of mystery surrounds the figure of this medieval monk, whom The Templars dedicated a new church in Perugia. Inside the medieval building there are interesting frescoes, dating back to the seventies [...]